Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a chronic condition comprising a range of psychological and physiological symptoms that can affect people of any age.

The pathologic development of PTSD only occurs if the response leading to resolution of the trauma is disrupted in some way.

The main conclusion of biologic research is that exposure to one or more traumatic events in earlier life triggers a chain of mental and biologic events that ultimately lead to prolonged PTSD.

The treatment protocols include both psychotherapeutic approaches such as cognitive-behavioral and exposure therapy.

Combinations of pharmacotherapy and relaxation techniques have all been found to be beneficial in the recovery of the person who suffers from PTSD.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been recognized as a psychiatric disorder.

It can occur as a result of military combat, violent personal assaults such as rape, mugging, and robbery, natural or human catastrophes such as earthquakes and the 9/11 disaster, car accidents and other types of trauma, such as seeing another person suddenly and violently killed.

The PTSD sufferer experiences a range of repetitive disturbing symptoms that directly impede their ability to live a normal life and maintain normal relationships.

The recurrent nature of the disorder can mean that the person re-experiences the alarm phase response through their dreams and with vivid recollections as many as 100 times a day.

These symptoms often merge into stress as the victims experience both mourning and fear.

The psychological symptoms associated with the resistance phase are: irritability, shortness of temper, sleep disturbances, depression, and tiredness and tend to diminish as the stressor disappears, or lead into the exhaustion phase.

The statistics involving the diagnosis are marked.

About 30 % of the men and women who have spent time in war zones experience this disorder.

Figures will be much higher now as a result of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. It has been found in many studies that sufferers have experienced repeated traumas in early life.

PTSD is diagnosed when symptoms last more than one month and can develop at any age, including childhood.

Symptoms typically begin within 3 months of a traumatic event, although occasionally they do not begin until years later.

Once PTSD occurs, the severity and duration of the illness vary.

Some people recover within 6 months, while others suffer much longer.

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