Bone cancer is the rarest form of cancer found in the world to date.

Primary bone cancer starts in the bone. It is rare accounting for less than 1 percent of all malicious tumors.

It is found more in males, especially in kids and teenagers. The most common type of primary cancer is Osteosarcoma.

It can affect any bone in the body, but the arms, legs, and pelvis are the most common locations.

Other comparatively less common forms of primary bone cancer include Ewing sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and chondrosarcoma.

Types of the Bone Cancer:

Primary Bone Cancer – the main causes of primary bone cancer is still not known. But, the adults who have Paget’s disease (a bone disease) may have a risk to develop this.

Secondary Bone cancer – is the most common bone cancer. It is a carcinoma that occurs anywhere in the body and spreads(metastasizes) in the bone.

The carcinoma cancers that spread to the bone arise in the breast, prostate, lung, kidney, and thyroid.

Reticulum cell sarcoma of the bone

It is a cancerous tumor of the bone marrow which occurs more in males than females.

Leukemia is a blood cancer which affects the bone marrow

Diagnosis of Bone cancer:

Diagnosing bone cancer includes a number of tests:

X-rays
bone CT scans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to find the exact place and size of cancer.

These are always prepared prior to biopsy. Bone biopsy is a method where a small sample of the cancer is taken out from the bone and studied in the laboratory for the presence of malignant cells.

Primary bone cancers:

The tumor, surrounding bone tissue and nearby lymph nodes are surgically removed. In severe cases, the affected limb may need to be amputated, but this is rare.

Treatment may also include radiotherapy (x-rays to target and kill the cancer cells) and chemotherapy (anti-cancer drugs).

These may be given before surgery, to shrink the cancer and/or afterward to destroy any remaining cancer cells.

Future after Bone tumor:

In 90% of the cases, a patient may live another 5 years if the tumor is very minor and confined.

If the cancer has spread, then the survival rate decreases.



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