As part of the digestive system, the stomach is a hollow organ in the upper abdomen, under the ribs.

Food moves from the mouth through the esophagus into the stomach. When placed in the stomach, the food will turn into a liquid from the digestive juices and then gets pushed by muscles in the stomach wall into the small intestine.

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a kind of cancer that takes place in any part of the stomach. Stomach cancer causes a large sum of people to die worldwide every year.

So what actually causes Stomach Cancer?

– Helicobacter pylori infection

– Long-term inflammation of the stomach

– Smoking

– Family history

– Poor diet

– Lack of physical activity and obesity

Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that infects the inner lining of the stomach in most cases.

When your stomach is infected with H. pylori, stomach inflammation will appear as well as peptic ulcers.

For people who are suffering from long-term stomach inflammation such as pernicious anemia (a blood disease), they are at an increased risk of developing stomach cancer.

As to people who have had part of their stomach removed in a surgery, they also face an increased risk of stomach cancer that may appear in many years.

Compared with nonsmokers, smokers are more likely to develop stomach cancer. Especially for heavy smokers, they have the highest risk.

If one of your close relatives has ever developed stomach cancer before, you are more likely to develop the disease.

If any of your close relatives have a history of stomach cancer, you face a higher risk.

A lot of studies show that it is easier for people who follow a diet high in foods that are smoked, salted, or pickled to suffer from stomach cancer.

On the contrary, it is hard for people who have a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables to develop colorectal cancer.

For people who are obese, they may suffer from cancer developing in the upper part of the stomach.

How is stomach cancer treated?

The treatment of this cancer varies, depending mainly on the size and location of the tumor, the stage of the disease, and your general health conditions.

There are common treatments for stomach cancer including surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. You are most likely to receive more than one type of treatment in the hospital.

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