Controlling blood sugar (glucose) levels is one of the most important aspects of managing your diabetes. It will make you feel better in the short term and it will help you to stay fit and healthy in the long term.

People who do not have diabetes keep their blood glucose levels within a narrow range most of the time.

The beta cells in the pancreas are able to produce just the right amount of insulin at the right time and they are constantly fine-tuning the blood glucose level.

People with diabetes do not have this fine control over their blood glucose levels.

Insulin is a hormone that regulates many metabolic processes that provide cells with needed energy.

By understanding what insulin is, what insulin does, and how it affects the body, is important to your overall health.

Located behind the stomach is an organ called the pancreas, which produces insulin.

 

Insulin production is regulated based on blood sugar levels and other hormones in the body.

In a healthy individual, insulin production and its release is a tightly regulated process, allowing the body to balance its metabolic needs.

What does insulin do?

Diabetes is one of the most costly and burdensome chronic diseases of our time and is a condition that is increasing in epidemic proportions in the whole world.

The complications resulting from the diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and are associated with the failure of various organs such as the brain, heart, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.

Diabetics are also at a significantly higher risk for coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and stroke and they have a greater likelihood of having hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity.

Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids (e.g. triglycerides, cholesterol, and/or fat phospholipids) in the blood.

Every day, in the United States, more than 5,000 new cases of diabetes are diagnosed. Type II diabetes, the most prevalent form of diabetes worldwide, and often shows few or even no symptoms!

After you eat, the food is broken down into what is known as glucose. Sugar is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. A hormone known as insulin, made in the pancreas cells process glucose into energy.

Because certain cells do not use insulin properly in the body, a person with type II diabetes has problems converting food into energy.

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