Archive for the ‘Thyroid’ Category

Thyroid cancer is not a common disease, can occur in anyone and even though it requires adequate treatment, unlike other types of cancer the thyroid can be cured most of the time.

Although thyroid cancers are more common in females, males tend to have a greater risk than females for cancer occurring.

Thyroid cancer includes many types of cancers, the most common types are papillary, follicular or mixed papillary and follicular forms and on the other hand, the less common types that affect the thyroid are medullary cancer, anaplastic cancer, and lymphoma.

Thyroid cancer is a cancer originating from follicular or parafollicular thyroid cells.

The most effective management of aggressive thyroid cancers is surgical removal of thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) followed by radioactive iodine ablation and TSH-suppression therapy.

Chemotherapy or radiotherapy may also be used in cases of distant metastases or advanced cancer stage.

Five year survival rates are 98% in the United States.

Most often the first symptom of thyroid cancer is a nodule in the thyroid region of the neck.

However, many adults have small nodules in their thyroids, but typically under 5% of these nodules are found to be malignant.

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