Archive for the ‘Esophageal’ Category

Esophageal cancer is cancer arising from the esophagus.

Clinical evaluation

Although an occlusive tumor may be suspected on a barium swallow or barium meal, the diagnosis is best made with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (endoscopy). This involves the passing of a flexible tube down the esophagus and examining the wall. Biopsies taken of suspicious lesions are then examined histologically for signs of malignancy.

Additional testing is usually performed to estimate the tumor stage. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis can evaluate whether the cancer has spread to adjacent tissues or distant organs (especially liver and lymph nodes).

Esophageal cancer is cancer arising from the esophagus—the food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach.

Symptoms often include trouble swallowing and weight loss. Other symptoms may include pain with swallowing, a hoarse voice, enlarged lymph nodes (glands) around the clavicle (collarbone), a dry cough, and possibly coughing up or vomiting blood.

The two main sub-types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma, which is more common in the developing world, and adenocarcinoma, which is more common in the developed world.

A number of less common types also occur. Squamous-cell carcinoma arises from the skin cells that line the esophagus.

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