October 2020
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 A cancer diagnosis and initiation of treatment can be incredibly stressful for patients.

This distress may become clinically significant, if not addressed early.

Depressive symptoms among cancer patients are quite common, with estimates ranging from 10 to 50 percent.

These rates are troubling as the symptoms are associated with poor quality of life, greater fatigue, and increased symptom distress in cancer patients.

Fortunately, there are a variety of psychological and behavioral interventions, specifically designed for cancer patients.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or CBT

This is one of the primary psychological treatments for depression, though often utilized in the general population.

The Human Body

The human body is a complex and wondrous living machine. 

Like any machine, our bodies are composed of smaller parts that work together with the various tasks.

These tasks are performed each day such as breathing eating and digesting food and the movement of our blood. They are performed by specialized structures known as organs.

Organs

Examples of organs include the lungs, stomach, heart, and brain.

All of these organs and other body parts like our skin and muscles are made of smaller living units called cells.

How do doctors diagnose cancer, and what are the tests included in it?

Cancer Diagnosis

When any patient comes with a particular symptom, a thorough history is taken.

What are the symptoms of the patient, what are the problems of the patient?

A clinical examination is done to check whether there is any problem with the oral cavity, or in the breast, or in the abdomen.

The patient must be examined in detail. If there is any suspicion of cancer, other tests are performed.

The number of cells in a tissue is determined by the balance between cell division and cell death.

Uncontrollable cell division leads to the formation of abnormal growths called tumors. Tumors can be benign or malignant.

Benign Tumors

Benign tumors are slow-growing and constrained by surrounding connective tissue so they do NOT spread to other organs.

They can still be harmful or even kill by pressing on nearby nerves, blood vessels, or brain tissue. Examples of benign tumors include pituitary tumors which may press on optic nerves and cause loss of vision.

Cancerous diseases occur as a result of the excessive, uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, which invade (grow into) and destroy other body tissues.

This makes its cell growth different from normal cell growth.

Instead of dying, these cells continue to grow and form new, abnormal cells. They develop in almost any organ or tissue of the body.

The origin of these changes is a result of damage to DNA.

DNA is in every cell and directs all its actions of which replication or growth is our major concern.

Of all of the different types of cancer, there 10 that make up the most common types of cancers.

Cancer is a class of diseases that is characterized by uncontrollable cell growth. There are over a hundred types of different cancer and each one is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected.

Once cells divide uncontrollably, they form lumps or masses. These are called tumors that are capable of interfering with the body’s normal processes.

Special Procedures

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Bone Marrow Transplants

Organ Transplants

Stem Cells

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Euthanasia

Physician Assisted Suicide

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