October 2020
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Of all of the different types of cancer, there 10 that make up the most common types of cancers.

Cancer is a class of diseases that is characterized by uncontrollable cell growth. There are over a hundred types of different cancer and each one is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected.

Once cells divide uncontrollably, they form lumps or masses. These are called tumors that are capable of interfering with the body’s normal processes.

Number 10 Endometrial cancer

This is when a malignant tumor developed in the cell of the uterus. The uterus is a hollow muscular organ where a fetus develops and grows during pregnancy. Cells in the uterus, sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally. Changes in the cells in the uterus can cause Cancer.

Endometrial cancer affects mainly postmenopausal women and the average age of women diagnosed with cancer at 60.

It’s uncommon in women under the age of 45 years old.

Number  9 is a Thyroid cancer

The thyroid is part of the endocrine system that produces and secretes hormones.

The thyroid is a small gland at the front of your neck and below your larynx or voice box, and it produces hormones that regulate your heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight.

Thyroid Cancer is commonly diagnosed at a younger age. Nearly three out of four cases are found in women.

Number 8 Non-Hodgkins lymphoma.

This starts up in the cells that are called lymphocytes, which are a part of the body’s immune system. These abnormal lymphocytes accumulate and form tumors.

If non-Hodgkins lymphoma isn’t treated, the cancerous cells crowd out of normal white cells and the immune system can’t guard against infection effectively.

Number 7 Bladder cancer.

Most bladder cancers start in the innermost lining of the bladder and cancer grows into other layers of the bladder wall.

If it becomes more advanced, it is harder to treat.  Cancer could grow outside the bladder and it can spread to nearby lymph nodes or to other parts of the body. If bladder cancer spreads, it often first goes first to the lymph nodes, the bones, the lungs, or the liver.

Number six Renal cancer

It is also known as kidney cancer. The kidney’s main purpose is to filter blood from the renal arteries to remove access, water, salt, and waste products.

These substances become urine and it leaves the kidneys and enters through the bladder. When a malignant tumor grows, it can impair the functioning of the kidneys.

Luckily, humans are capable of living with just one kidney, but if both kidneys are cancerous, you would require dialysis which filters your blood for you.

Number Five Colorectal cancer

Most colorectal cancers begin as a growth on the inner lining of the colon or rectum called a polyp.

Some polyps can change into cancer over time and eventually begin to grow inside of the wall of the colon or rectum. When cancer cells are in the wall, they can grow into blood vessels or lymph vessels, and they can travel to nearby lymph nodes or distant parts of the body.

Number four is Breast cancer.

Breast cancer occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it as well. Breast cancer occurs when the cells in the breasts grow out of control, and these cells usually form a tumor that can be seen on an x-ray or felt as a lump.

Number Three Prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate began to grow uncontrollably.

The prostate is a gland in males and it makes some of the fluid that is a part of semen.

It is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer among men and the second most common cause of death.

Number two  Lung cancer.

This is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. As the abnormal cells grow, they can form tumors and interfere with the functioning of the lung.

Number one Melanoma.

This is a type of skin cancer that can spread to other organs in the body. The most common sign of melanoma is the appearance of a new mole or a change in an existing mole. This can occur anywhere on the body.

However, the legs back arms, and face are the most common areas affected. Skin cancer is divided into the non-melanoma and melanoma categories where non-melanoma is the most common form of cancer.

 

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