What Happens When You Develop Throat Cancer?
Throat cancer relates to development of cancerous tumors in the throat (pharynx) and/or the voice box (larynx) or tonsils.
It is also known as pharyngeal cancer, laryngeal cancer or vocal chord cancer. The risk of throat cancer can be reduced by not smoking, not chewing tobacco and by limiting the use of alcohol.
Throat cancer has a variety of names, depending upon the part of the throat affected.
The different parts of the throat are known as the oropharynx, the hypopharynx, and the nasopharynx. At times the larynx, or voice box, is also included.
Throat cancer generally originates from cells which cover the mucous membrane lining the throat. As the tumor develops, it enters the mucous membrane and the muscle layers.
The lungs, neck, lymph nodes and various other organs can progressively be affected.
The throat consists of the pharynx and the larynx.
A feature of the throat is the epiglottis, a flap, which separates the esophagus from the trachea (windpipe).
The epiglottis closes when a person eats or drinks to stop inhalation of food or liquids. The throat also consists of pharynx muscles, esophagus, the trachea and blood vessels.
The hyoid bone under the chin and collar-bone are the only bones in the throat area.
Cancer of the throat can be cured completely if the cancer is detected in the initial stage.
If the cancer spreads to the surrounding tissues or lymph nodes in the neck, then 55-65% of the patients can be cured but if it spreads to body parts outside the neck and head, the cancer can't be cured and treatment then focuses on improving the quality of life.
After the treatment, patients normally require therapy which could help one with verbal communication and swallowing. Some patients are not able to gulp down their food or liquids and require a feeding tube.
Among the various types of cancers, throat cancer is a deadly one.
The reason for this is the late detection of the tumor in the last stage of the growth. The throat cancer symptoms are similar to the everyday troubles like sore throat, pain in throat making its detection in the early stages tricky.
The major cause of throat cancer is found to be the usage of tobacco.
The use of tobacco in any form can lead to throat cancer.