How Dangerous is Skin Cancer?
Cancer that is formed in the tissues of the skin is known as Skin Cancer. It is one of the most common kinds of cancer that affects men and women.
What Causes Skin Cancer?
When the skin cells modify and multiply in an abnormal fashion, the uncontrollable growth causes the development of a mass known as a tumor.
This tumor that occurs in the skin is also known as a lesion and these cancerous growths are malignant in nature, which causes the destruction of adjacent cells leading to random growth. These tumors flow through
the blood stream and affect other remote organs also during the advanced stages of skin cancer.
What Are the Types of skin cancer?
Skin cancer is divided into two kinds depending on their ability to spread. The two types of skin cancer are non-melanoma and melanoma. Non-melanoma includes basal cell carcinoma and Squamous cell carcinoma.
1. Basal cell carcinoma and Squamous cell carcinoma normally do not spread to other parts of the body.
Melanoma is a dangerous form of skin cancer, which spreads to other parts of the body.
2. Melanoma - The cancer that affects the melanocytes or the skin cells that create the pigments.
What Are The Symptoms of Skin Cancer?
The symptoms of skin cancer are changes in the skin. The most common symptom is a small lump that is shiny and pale in color or a firm red lump.
Some types of cancer also are associated with rough and scaly patches or flat scaly patches of red or brown color.
You must be aware of any new suspicious growth and consult a physician. Though these growths are most of the times painless, they can also be painful at times.
A smooth round bump is normally developed on the head, shoulder or neck with signs of crusting and bleeding with development of the tumor in cases of basal cell carcinoma.
In Squamous cell carcinoma, a thick red color patch along with ulcer and bleeding can develop. Brown or blackish lesions are formed in cases of melanomas.
If the lesion exhibits a change in size, color or shape, it is a symptom of the melanoma becoming malignant.
How Is Skin Cancer Diagnosed?
The first and the most common method is the skin examination. In this method the doctor looks out for any abnormal growth or irregularity in the skin.
The doctor will do a biopsy. The affected area or abnormal growth is well studied under a microscope to check for the presence of cancerous cells.
What Are The Treatments for Skin Cancer?
Surgery is one effective method for the treatment of non-melanoma cancer types.
The complete procedure of surgical treatment begins with surgery and includes follow-up methods of radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
In the surgical methods, the lesion and a calculated amount of tissues around it is removed so as to make the body tumor free.
The Mohs micrographic surgery is one effective technique that is used for this process.
How Do You Prevent of Skin cancer?
Early diagnosis and detection can help treat skin cancer before it turns dangerous. Self-evaluation of your skin on a regular basis is a must.
Look for any kind of abnormal changes, discoloration or growth in your skin.
You can also make a doctor visit once a year to detect any signs or symptoms of cancer. In certain cases of high-risk situations, you can consult a skin specialist on a regular basis to screen for this cancer.
Adopting a few basic tips, which can be very useful in your daily life, can prevent skin cancer.
1. Use Sunscreens
2. Avoid excessive tanning
3. Wear protective clothing
4. Avoid childhood sunburns
5. Eat healthy to promote a healthy immune system.
Are You at Risk?
Individuals with a family medical history of skin cancer or those who possess fair skin tone and freckles run a higher risk.
People who are addicted to tanning and spend a lot of hours outdoors in the sun along with a weak immune system also possess equal risks of getting this cancer.