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Archive for the ‘Cancer Diagnosis’ Category

How do doctors diagnose cancer, and what are the tests included in it?

Cancer Diagnosis

When any patient comes with a particular symptom, a thorough history is taken.

What are the symptoms of the patient, what are the problems of the patient?

A clinical examination is done to check whether there is any problem with the oral cavity, or in the breast, or in the abdomen.

The patient must be examined in detail. If there is any suspicion of cancer, other tests are performed.

The capability to identify a lump will be a big help particularly to people who are not scientifically or medically knowledgeable about it.

There are a few types of the same and are classified depending on size, growth, and its effect on the body.

Defining a Lump

A lump is a localized area of swelling that may come about just about anywhere on the body. Physicians usually call it a bump, nodule, contusion, tumor, or a cyst.

What causes lumps?

Lumps may appear due to infections, inflammation, tumors, or traumas.

Types of Lumps

A biopsy is a medical procedure that is performed to detect cancerous cells at a suspicious site.

A radiologist or a surgeon usually performs the procedure. A biopsy is one of many tests performed which confirm the diagnosis of cancer.

Why a biopsy is needed?

A biopsy is needed when a doctor suspects a medical condition like cancer in a patient and wants to confirm it.

When a patient presents with other symptoms of the condition, a biopsy essentially gives the final confirmation.

Early detection is key in the fight against cancer. Since most therapy is focused around treating cells at the site of origin, it is important to detect cancerous cells as early as possible, before it has had the chance to metastasize.

Therefore, having testing procedures to detect cancer at the initial onset is vital to successfully eliminate the disease.

The most effective screening test would possess attributes such as being non-invasive, safe, reliable, and inexpensive.

The Pap smear is one of the first screening tests available for cervical cancer and has since become routine for women during yearly pelvic exams.

Cancer has a fearsome reputation.

It is a disease that has not yet fully yielded to the skills and intelligence of medical scientists and doctors.

And, as if the pain from the disease is not enough, the treatment for cancer, too, inflicts heavy suffering on the body.

Cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled and abnormal cell division.

Any Cancer can spread in the body and destroy tissues when the cancer cells travel through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system.

A biopsy is a procedure in which a piece of tissue or a sample of cells from your body is removed so that it may be analyzed in a laboratory.

Pathologists use the tissue samples to look for any abnormalities in the tissue that may give cause for concern. Biopsies are not only used for cancer but are also used to diagnose other diseases too.

In conjunction with a biopsy, your doctor may have already performed an X-ray, MRI, or CT on the area of concern.

Special Procedures

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Bone Marrow Transplants

Organ Transplants

Stem Cells

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Euthanasia

Physician Assisted Suicide

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